Primeval Beech Forest of the Ukraine
Chornohora, Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Established in 1968, size of the WHS component part 2477 ha,
buffer zone 12,925 ha, Sea level: BR 600-2,061 m, WHS 640-1,550 m
Historically, the first primeval forest reserve of Chornohora was established in 1912. Here, the largest distribution of beech within the UNESCO site at an altitude of over 1,500 m a.s.l. can be found. The European mink (Mustela lutreola), which is already extinct within most of its natural habitat, is found here.
Maramorosh, Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Established in 1990, size of the WHS component part 2,244 ha,
buffer zone 6,230 ha, Sea level: BR 440-1,937 m, WHS 600-1,470 m
For the first time in history the Maramarosh primeval forest became especially
protected in 1907.
Maramorosh is the only component part on metamorphic rocks, which has formed a very specific soil and vegetative cover. In this area, highly productive fir-beech primeval forests can be found (> 1,000 m3/ha). This massif directly borders the Romanian nature park “The Maramures Mountains” together comprising a single homogeneous natural territory.
Svydovets, Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Established in 1997, size of the WHS component part 3,031 ha,
buffer zone 5,640 ha, Sea level: BR 600-1,881 m, WHS 720-1,500 m
Here pure beech forests grow up to 1,380 m a.s.l., thus representing the highest range of pure beech forests within the World Natural Heritage site. The peculiarity of the fauna of the Svydovets lies in the fact that all 10 woodpecker species of European deciduous forests are represented here.
Kuziy-Trybushany, Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Established in 1990, size of the WHS component part 1,370 ha,
buffer zone 3,163 ha, Sea level: BR 340-1,409 m, WHS 420-1,087 m
This component part is characterized by relatively warm climate conditions. Oak species like Quercus robur and Quercus petraea, which are part of the local mixed beech forests, grow at the highest altitude within the site – about 1,100 m a.s.l. Another peculiarity is the presence of numerous limestone rock formations where a unique and rare species of thermophilic flora has developed.
Uholka-Shyrokyi Luh, Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Established in 1968, size of the WHS component part 11,860 ha,
buffer zone 3,301 ha, Sea level: BR 360-1,501 m, WHS 400-1,350 m
Uholka-Shyrokyi Luh is the biggest site of primeval European beech forests world wide. It is here that the entire spectrum of phases and development levels of a primeval beech forest are represented. The largest part of the cluster is located on a huge, solid limestone block with well-developed karst. The karst caves are home to numerous endemic and rare species.
Stuzhytsia-Uzhok, Uzhanskyi National Nature Park
Established in 1908, size of the WHS component part 2,532 ha,
buffer zone 3,615 ha, Sea level: NNP 208-1,250 m, WHS 600-1,221 m
Stuzhytsia-Uzhok is the oldest European beech reserve (1908). It is exclusively here that well denoted beech dwarf forests can be observed (over 55 ha). It also includes the long term monitored areas of professor Zlatnik (from 1937). This area directly borders with protected forests in Poland and Slovakia.