Primeval Beech Forest of the Slovak Republic


Stužica-Bukovské Vrchy, Poloniny National Park

Established in 1964, size of the WHS component part 2,950 ha,
buffer zone 11,300 ha, Sea level: NP 260-1,210 m, WHS 512-1,210 m

This primeval beech forest is characterized by large differences in altitude (512 – 1,210 m a.s.l.). Here, 200 year old beech trees can be found, as well as 300 year old silver firs and sycamore trees. For some years, bison and elk have been spotted here once again.

Havešová, Havešová National Nature Reserve, Poloniny National Park

Established in 1964, size of the WHS component part 171 ha,
buffer zone 64 ha, Sea level: NNR 442-741 m, WHS 442-741 m

This beech forest has the tallest beech trees in the world. The Havešová National Nature Reserve is located in the far east of Slovakia in the Bukovské Mountains (“Beech Mountains”!). On the fertile clay soil, the beech trees reach a height of about 56 metres. Due to the good growing conditions, the beech is the dominant tree species in this area. Only three other tree species exist in this area: sycamore, ash and elm.

Rožok, Rožok National Nature Reserve, Poloniny National Park

Established in 1965, size of the WHS component part 67 ha,
buffer zone 41 ha, Sea level: NNR 440-789 m, WHS 440-789 m

With its 67 ha, this part of the Poloniny National Park is the smallest Carpathian part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Carpathians. Most of the beech forests here grow on fertile loam and clay soil, ensuring a high productivity (up to 1,000 m³/ha).

Vihorlat, Vihorlat Protected Landscape Area

Established in 1973, size of the WHS component part 2,578 ha,
buffer zone 2,413 ha, Sea level: PLA 157-1,076 m, WHS 571-1,076 m

The beech forests in this area grow on soil of volcanic origin with andesite bedrock and nutrient-rich soils. Located in the middle of this area is the ‘Ocean Eye Lake’ (Morské oko). Together with hardwood species like sycamore trees and ash trees, the beeches form the so-called “scree forests”.

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